Revision for “The Mesocestoididae” created on June 18, 2014 @ 11:20:28

Title
The Mesocestoididae
Content
<p align="CENTER"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: large;"><b>The Mesocestoididae</b></span></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> The Mesocestoididae are parasites in the small intestine of mammals, rarely birds (Rausch, 1994). Two genera, </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Mesocestoides</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> and </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Mesogyna</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, are recognized within this family. The adult is characterized mainly by the possession of a scolex that bears four muscular suckers, but no rostellum, and segments that contain medial sexual openings. In the mature proglottid, the eggs are contained in a single thick-walled parauterine organ. The life cycle of the members of this family are not known, but what is known based on our knowledge of </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Mesocestoides</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> is that it appears that there are two intermediate hosts in the life cycle. The first intermediate host has been assumed to be an arthropod. The second intermediate host can be a reptile or small mammal that contain a larval stage, called a tetrathyridium, which is a solid-bodied larva that has a scolex similar to that of the adult worm. Cats can serve as the final host for </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Mesocestoides</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> in which case the adult worms are present in the small intestine. Cats can also be infected with the tetrathyridial stage of this parasite.</span></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">Rausch RL. 1994. family Mesocestoididae Fuhrmann, 1907. </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">In:</span></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> Keys to the Cestode Parasites of Vertebrates, Khalil LF, Jones a, Bray RA, eds. CAB International, Wallingford, UK.</span></span></p>
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June 18, 2014 @ 11:20:28 Anastasia Bowman
June 16, 2014 @ 14:52:56 Anastasia Bowman