Revision for “Abbreviata gemina” created on June 18, 2014 @ 11:36:42

Abbreviata gemina
<p align="CENTER"><span style="font-size: large;"><i><b>Abbreviata gemina</b></i></span><span style="font-size: large;"><b> (von Linstow, 1899) </b></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>gemina</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> was originally described from the stomach and small intestine of a domestic cat in Egypt under the name of </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Physaloptera</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>gemina</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> by von Linstow. Other potential synonyms are</span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i> Physaloptera caucasica</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> Linstow, 1902, and </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata mordens</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> (Leiper, 1908). Specimens of </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> are very similar to members of the genus </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Physaloptera</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> but tend to lack the cuticular collarette characteristic of that genus. The males of this species tend to be 1 cm long; the females 2 cm long. The eggs are thick shelled, ellipsoidal, larvated when passed, and 52 µm by 32 µm in length and width. The life cycle of a related species found in primates (</span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>caucasica</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;">) involves German cockroaches, </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Blatella</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>germanica</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;">, and grasshoppers, </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Schistocerca</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>gregaria</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;">, as intermediate hosts (Poiner and Quentin, 1972). There have been no reports on clinical presentation or treatment of these infections in cats. Because the life cycle can probably utilize cockroaches, infections could theoretically become a problem in unclean catteries.</span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;"><b>REFERENCES:</b></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;">Gedoelst L. 1911. </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><span style="text-decoration: underline;">Synopsis de parasitologie de l’homme et des animaux domestiques.</span></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> 332 pages. Lierre et Bruxelles.</span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;">Linstow OFB. 1899. Nematoden aus der Berliner zoologischen Sammlung. Mitt Zool Samml Mus Naturk Berl 1:3-28, plates 1-6.</span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;">Morgan BB. 1945. The nematode genus </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> (Travasos, 1920) Schulz, 1927. Am Midl Nat 34:485-490.</span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;">Poinar GO, Quentin JC. 1972. The development of </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Abbreviata</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>caucasica</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;"> (von Linstow) (Spirurida: Physalopteridae) in an intermediate host. J Parasitol 58:23-28.</span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="font-size: medium;">Travassos L. 1920. Contribuites para o conhecimento da fauna helmintolojica brazileira. X. Sobre es especies do genero </span><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Turgida</i></span><span style="font-size: medium;">. Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz 12:73-77.</span></p>

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June 18, 2014 @ 11:36:42 Jessica Retzlaff
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