Troglotrema mustelae Wallace, 1932

Troglotrema mustelae was described by Wallace (1932. The life history of Troglotremamustelae n.sp. J Parasitol 19:164.) who showed that the cercariae have very short tails and become entrapped together in the water in balls of mucus. The metacercariae develop in the fins of fresh-water catfish, Ameiurus spp., and matures to the adult stage in carnivores, including the cat, in 5 days after ingestion of the fish. A similar trematode, Troglotrema acutum has been reported from the nasal sinuses of carnivores in Europe; this trematode has been reported to cause injury to the bones of the skull (Vogel H, Voelker J. 1978, Uber den Lebenszyklus von Troglotremaacutum. Tropenmed Parasitol 29:385-405.