Revision for “ECHINOSTOMATIDAE” created on June 18, 2014 @ 12:49:27

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ECHINOSTOMATIDAE
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<p align="CENTER"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: large;"><b>ECHINOSTOMATIDAE</b></span></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> Another group of trematodes parasitic in the small intestine of cats are the Echinostomatids. Echinostomes are characterized by the possession of a group of large spines around the oral sucker. Several genera have been reported from cats. Typically, animals become infected with Echinostomes by the ingestion of fish containing metacercariae.</span></span></p> <p align="JUSTIFY"><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> A number of genera have been reported from cats: </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Echinochasmus</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Episthmium</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">,</span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i> Stephanoprora</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Artyfechinostomum</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Isthmiophora</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, and </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Echinoparyphium</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">. </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Echinochasmus</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">,</span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i> Episthmium</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> and </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Stephanoprora</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> are similar in that the collar spines, a single row, tend to be interrupted dorsally behind the mouth. </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Artyfechinostomum</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Isthmiophora</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;">, and </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Echinoparyphium</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> have a double row of spines around the mouth that is not interrupted dorsally. The first three genera tend to utilize fish intermediate host while the latter three species utilize snails and frogs. The only species that is a parasite commonly isolated from cats is </span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>Echinochasmus</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><i>perfoliatus</i></span></span><span style="color: #000000;"><span style="font-size: medium;"> which is found in cats in Eurasia and North Africa.</span></span></p>
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June 18, 2014 @ 12:49:27 Anastasia Bowman
June 13, 2014 @ 14:37:30 Anastasia Bowman