Echinochasmus liliputanus (Looss, 1896) Odhner, 1911

This small trematode (hence the name "liliputanus") was originally described from a hawk (Pernis apivorus) and from a kite (Milvus migrans). It was redescribed from 4 of 27 cats in Palestine where it was also found in a heron (Ardea cicerea) (Witenberg G. 1932. Über zwei in Palästina in Hunden und Katzen parasitierende Echinochasmus-Arten (Trematoda). Z Parasitenk 5: 213-216.). Most recently, it was found in 11 of 48 Egyptian cats (Kuntz RE, Chandler AC. 1956. Studies on Egyptian trematodes with special reference to the Heterophyids of mammals. I. Adult flukes, with descriptions of Phagicolalongicollis n. sp., Cynodiplostomumnamrui n.sp., and a Stephanoprora from cats. J Parasitol. 42:445-459.).